Tag Archives: wikipedia

List of Logical Fallacies

First cognitive science, now logic: a list of logical fallacies.

A fallacy is a component of an argument which, being demonstrably flawed in its logic or form, renders the argument invalid in whole.

I prefer the many informal fallacies: an important one of which is that correlation does not imply causation (cum hoc ergo propter hoc); a favourite of which is the gambler’s fallacy.

Also: on logic, I’ve previously written about this list of paradoxes.

List of Cognitive Biases

I love lists, and so every day this week I’ll give you one to chew on. To start us off is this wonderful list of cognitive biases.

To try and become a better thinker I’m studying cognitive biases in order to (attempt to) overcome them. This in itself is attempting to overcome the bias blind spot.

A cognitive bias is any of a wide range of observer effects […] including very basic statistical, social attribution, and memory errors that are common to all human beings.

A favourite: the clustering illusion – the tendency to see patterns where actually none exist.

Also: list of memory biases.

The Omega Point

The Singularity again, but this time a Gravitational (or Spacetime) Singularity. Specifically the one at the end of existence of the universe.

The Omega Point is the moment during the theoretical Big Crunch when – just before the final, all-ending gravitational singularity – “the computational capacity of the universe is capable of increasing at a sufficient rate that is accelerating exponentially faster than the time running out.” What exactly does that mean?

In principle, a simulation run on [a theoretical] universal computer can continue forever in its own terms, even though the universe lasts only a finite amount of proper time. This theory requires that the current known laws of physics are true descriptions of reality, and it requires there be intelligent civilizations in existence at the appropriate time to exploit the computational capacity of such an environment.

An enlightening read that pushes the bounds on the meaning of the word ‘theoretical’. However, it did lead me to a contender for ‘The Greatest Named Wikipedia Entry‘ competition: The Ultimate Fate of the Universe.