In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, moral virtues and their extremes are discussed. That is to say, personal characteristics and the extremes thereof. These extremes – or vices – are two of the three pillars of virtue, the third of which is The Golden Mean, or the Virtuous Mean. This mean is the position on the ‘scale’ where a well-balanced, morally virtuous person would lie.
Here’s that scale:
|Vice of Deficiency||Virtuous Mean||Vice of Excess|
|Want of Ambition||Right Ambition||Over-ambition|
Adapted from the Internet Encyclopaedia of Philosophy’s General Introduction to Aristotle.