By sampling 4,200 random URLs spanning a 14 year period,Â Maciej CegÅ‚owski, the creator ofÂ bookmarking websiteÂ Pinboard.in, decided to gather statistics on the extent of link rot and how it progressed across time. Interested in finding out if there is some sort of ‘half life of links’, he found instead that it is a fairly linear, fast deterioration:
Links appear to die at a steady rate (they don’t have a half life), and you can expect to lose about a quarter of them every seven years.
And even that is an optimistic result, says Maciej, as not all dead links were able to be discovered programmatically.Â There are also several unanswered questions:
- How many of these dead URLs are findable on archive.org?
- What is the attrition rate for shortened links?
- Is there a simple programmatic way to detect parked domains?
- Given just a URL, can we make any intelligent guesses about its vulnerability to Â link rot?
Interestingly, link rotÂ is what inspired the creation ofÂ Pinboard.in (it features page archiving funcitonality). This is similar to why I started Lone Gunman: I was losing track of interesting links and articles, and wanted a way to easily find them again as well as help me build connections between disparate articles and topics.
I imagine that most people with a passing interest in linguistics read Maciej CegÅ‚owski’sÂ short essay in praise of the Arabic language when it was ‘rediscovered’ by popular social networks a few months ago.
As one who has studied Arabic (albeit MSA and only for nine months or so), the essayÂ brought back fond memories of struggling to comprehendÂ the strange-yet-wonderful intricacies of the Arabic language. Here are just a few the ways that Arabic “twists healthy minds”, according toÂ CegÅ‚owski:
- The Root/Pattern System: Nearly all Arabic words consist of a three-consonant root slotted into a pattern of vowels and helper consonants.
- Broken Plurals: Most of the time to make a plural you have to change the structure of the word quite dramatically.
- The Writing System: The Arabic writing system is exotic looking but easy to learn, which is a rare combination.
- Dual: Arabic has a grammatical dual â€” a special form for talking about two of something.
- The Feminine Plural: Formal Arabic distinguishes between groups composed entirely of women and groups that contain one or more men.
- Crazy Agreement Rules: e.g. [Maciej’s] absolute favorite is that all non-human plurals are grammatically feminine singular
- Funky Numbers: Ù© Ù¨ Ù§ Ù¦ Ù¥ Ù¤ Ù£ Ù¢ Ù¡ – The names of the numbers come with truly terrifying agreement rules, like “if the number is greater than three but less than eleven, it must take the opposite gender of the noun that it modifies”.
- Diglossia: This is where it really helps to love language study.