Equal Societies Good for All

The more unequal a society’s income dis­tri­bu­tion, the more health and social prob­lems ail both the rich and the poor.

With this the­ory brought to his atten­tion through the “quite fas­cin­at­ing book“ The Spir­it Level, Nic­olas Bau­mard dis­plays the evid­ence to sup­port the the­ory that eco­nom­ic inequal­ity is bad for all inhab­it­ants of a coun­try before con­sid­er­ing some pos­sible explan­a­tions, and look­ing at what this means in terms of poverty and cli­mate change.

It is com­mon know­ledge that in rich soci­et­ies the poor have short­er lives and suf­fer more from almost every social prob­lem. In [The Spir­it Level], [the authors] demon­strate that more unequal soci­et­ies are bad for almost every­one – the well-off as well as the poor […]. The remark­able data the book lays out and the meas­ures it uses are like a ‘spir­it level’ which we can hold up to com­pare the con­di­tions of dif­fer­ent soci­et­ies. The dif­fer­ences revealed, even between rich mar­ket demo­cra­cies, are strik­ing. Almost every mod­ern social and envir­on­ment­al prob­lem – ill-health, lack of com­munity life, viol­ence, drugs, obesity, men­tal ill­ness, long work­ing hours, big pris­on pop­u­la­tions – is more likely to occur in a less equal soci­ety.

Base­ball fan? Bau­mard also points out that “the more equal the salar­ies in a base-ball team are, the bet­ter its per­form­ance”.