List of Logical Fallacies

First cog­nit­ive sci­ence, now logic: a list of logic­al fal­la­cies.

A fal­lacy is a com­pon­ent of an argu­ment which, being demon­strably flawed in its logic or form, renders the argu­ment inval­id in whole.

I prefer the many inform­al fal­la­cies: an import­ant one of which is that cor­rel­a­tion does not imply caus­a­tion (cum hoc ergo prop­ter hoc); a favour­ite of which is the gam­bler­’s fal­lacy.

Also: on logic, I’ve pre­vi­ously writ­ten about this list of para­doxes.